Bitesized case study: Flooding in Malawi-January 2015

Date: January 2015
Causes:
Physical factor:  weeks of heavy rain.
Human factors:
– GNI per capita: US $320 ⇒LIC
– High population density and poverty ⇒ degradation of Malawi’s land and forest.
⇒ Land degradation, deforestation, inappropriate farming methods have increased the incidence of erosion, run-off and flash floods.
Effects:

– 15 districts affected
– 276 people killed or missing
– 645 people injured
– More than 300,000 people displaced ⇒ entire villages have been wipe off the map and people forced to relocate.

– Many of these forced from their homes have taken refuge in schools, disrupting education for around 350 000 pupils.
– More than 1 million people affected
– About 62 hectares of land damaged ⇒ 116 000 farmers affected, livestock swept away, subsistence crops lost and water sources contaminated.
– Roads and bridges washed away, cutting off supply roads ⇒ some areas inaccessible.
Estimate cost  to repair the damage: $ 51 m
In February:
– Around 230,000 of those displaced are living with communities, while more than 100,000 are living in makeshift camps. At some sites there are not enough toilets, while a lack of lighting and segregated facilities increases dangers of assault for women and girls. Around 181 schools are housing displaced people.
Despite numerous risk factors, such as a dearth of clean water and adequate sanitation, there have not yet been any confirmed cases of disease outbreaks, aside from sporadic cases of malaria and diarrhoea.
-Food aid remains a major issue  with almost $18 million needed to feed those affected by the floods, according to the UN’s World Food Programme ⇒ risk of malnutrition.
– Due to continued rainfall, road transport is still a challenge.

Malawi Heavy Rains and Flooding Crisis Update for 19 January 2015

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